Infrared heating of the house
In this article, we will talk about heating the house with infrared radiation. Independent research and certificates of the manufacturers confirmed harmless to humans, the impact of this type of heaters.
Produced mainly ceiling mounting devices for almost any room, with the energy carrier can be only electricity, but there are other IR radiation devices that use natural gas, with floor or wall mounting method.
The radiant element is a heater installed in a box of special non-combustible material. The surface of the heater is covered with a means providing the greatest emission of radiant heat energy, it should be noted that the bumpy surface increases the radiating surface up to 3 times.
The technology of heat transfer of infrared heaters
Declared by manufacturers, the cost of using infrared heating is 25% lower than convector, by reducing the cost of heating the ceiling of the room, local or zonal heating, as well as optimizing the comfortable temperature.
Any heated body emits infrared waves. The physics of this process is that thermal radiation is electromagnetic energy. The power of the heat flux and its characteristics depend on the temperature and surface of the radiating objects. We do not see infrared waves, our eyes do not distinguish them, but we can feel the heat from the heated body. For a person more comfortable IR waves that emit a body with a temperature of 90 ° C, for example, a fireplace or a fire emit more rigid IR radiation, forcing us to stay away from them at a certain distance. The use of heaters with a higher surface temperature (up to 950 ° C ) is allowed for heating open areas, balconies with a height of more than 3 meters.
Radiant ceiling panels are designed to heat rooms of any class and volume. Low-temperature heaters 80-100ºC with a capacity of up to 700 W are installed on low ceilings up to 2.2 m. more powerful panels from 1800 to 3500 W and the temperature of the emitting surface up to 300ºC are mounted at a height of 3 meters. With the correct calculation of the room and the installation of the desired, suitable for the parameters of the heater, you can achieve a very comfortable temperature of the air that does not create a draft formed by convection.
There are infrared heaters where the heat source is a halogen lamp. The advantage of such devices is that the heat is released immediately after the lamp. Heating of large non-residential premises, the organization of temporary heating, as well as the creation of the desired temperature in outdoor areas — these are some of the applications of lamps with IR radiation.
It should be noted that there are devices with dual function application, the so-called convective-heat wave heaters. Heating takes place in two ways: infrared heating and convection, when two sources of heat are combined in one device, and they complement each other, obeying the commands of the control unit. The main method of heating - infrared, but if necessary, automatically turns on convective heating, thereby ensuring the creation of temperature in the room, exposed automation.
Infrared heating is the latest achievement in the field of direct electric heating and has proved to be high environmental performance. Despite the fact that the heat is formed on the surface with a temperature of up to 120 ° C in residential areas, the heat flow is completely harmless, in comparison with at least the flame of the fireplace.